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Chemicals Can Aid In Saving Us from Climate Catastrophe
Published : 2016-08-12

Chemicals always have a bad repute when it comes to the environment. However they have a crucial part to play in coming up with hi-tech solutions to aid in saving us from climate calamity. At the same time, chemicals can produce noteworthy openings for global economic development as well.

Energy Storage and Transport

The increasing usage of alternative renewables like solar energy is likely to upsurge the want for storage and transportation of energy. Enough energy for the entire world can be generated just by layering 3% of the Earth’s land with innovative photovoltaic (PV) solar plates. The best possible area is to place them amid deserts rather than close to population. This means there would be a need for transportation of the energy across long expanses. Also, PVs would require keeping buffer storage of energy for at least 12 hours’, as they wouldn’t work at night without the sun.

The amplitude of this task is that it cannot simply use the stack of batteries prepared from prevailing technology. Industries are competent enough in transporting and storing enormous quantities of energy in the form of gases or liquids across global grid of freight vehicles, pipelines, and containers. We are on the verge of seeing the manufacture of chemicals with an extraordinary energy content like hydrogen, ammonia, or methane, rather than depleting the fossil fuels. The management, dispensation, and transportation of chemicals are routine in the industry – all set to command the green energy sector in the coming years.

Electric Vehicles (EVs)

Electric Vehicles are the only way to cut down pollution in cities, but this would require upgraded energy storing technologies. Heightened developments in battery materials and production have plummeted EV’s prices and upped their performance. Additional advancement is imaginable, but then there are restrictions regarding how extreme a technology resultant from magnetic tape manufacturing can be pushed.

Innovations in totally new technologies that combine lithium with oxygen or sulphur will overlay the way for the subsequent generation of EVs. There are fuel cell vehicles that produce electricity from hydrogen, like the Hyundai ix35 and Toyota Mirai already in the market. Fuel cells yet bank on costly and ecologically exorbitant platinum, but major chemical research are slated to offer substitutes.

Fertiliser Production

The fertiliser industry is still a major energy user. Manufacturing ammonia nearby renewable energy bases and agricultural manufacture will be a significant way of decreasing carbon footprint. Ammonia is used in making fertiliser, and the chemical’s extensive manufacture was a chief step towards feeding a rising global population.

Any maintainable fuel or fertiliser cycle accounts for water supply. Manufacturing ammonia (NH₃) uses hydrogen, which exists in all fuels and eventually needs water for production. The fact that maximum solar power can be produced water scarce places is one of the major complications to an extensive production of renewables-based fuel which needs to be looked upon.

Rare Materials

The semiconductor technology based on the chemical gallium nitride allows recent LED light-bulbs to consume just one-tenth of the total of electricity as compared to the out-dated bulbs. But it poses a challenge for the chemical industry - gallium is hardly found on earth. It is merely used in insignificant amounts in LEDs. Owing to this, it is very tough to reprocess and with the increasing production demand the supply could falter. Related difficulties are existent with the noble metals like platinum used in the electrodes of fuel cells and in the catalyst filters of petrol and diesel cars.

Augmenting technology to diminish the necessity for these rare metals will make them inexpensive and involve less quarrying. However, although that sounds decent, it might make reprocessing difficult. Altering one element into another only happens in nuclear reactors and particle accelerators, and it is not going to work on greater scale any time soon. For this, geologists, chemists, and logistics specialists would need to join hands to be successful.

Hidden Energy Storage

The chemical industry is a colossal participant in the energy market. Factories can upturn or reduce their energy usage on request of grid operators depending on too much or too little electricity production so as to stable supply and demand. But they can also be a form of energy storage.

Many chemicals are manufactured in numerous stages, some of which need much more energy than others. Using the more energy – intensive processes when there is abundance of electricity, and storing the chemicals produced, for extra usage in the future is efficiently like stowing the energy. It means the plant will be exhausting less energy throughout peak times, acquitting electricity for the rest of the grid. Constructing additional tanks to hold these intermediary chemicals is more economical than constructing a complex energy storing system.

Nevertheless, this drill will only occur if it is lucrative, which will entail strenuous efforts from both the chemical and energy industries in revolutionizing the electricity market. Officials can aid through subsidies for energy-intensive processes that are intended to inspire corporations to become more flexible.

Read more on Chemicals on:

http://www.asklinkerreports.com/category/chemical-market-research

Read more on Energy on:

http://www.asklinkerreports.com/category/energy-market-research

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